Subject: Colonialism

The Oginga Odinga House at Maseno National School

Born in 1911, Jaramogi Ajuma Oginga Odinga was a member of the Luo community whose drive, vision, selflessness, and commitment strongly influenced the trajectory of Kenya’s history. Born under British colonial rule, Odinga was inspired to lead the fight against the oppressive colonial system, and had an indelible influence on the Kenyan independence movement. He… Read more »

Kibuye Market

Indicative of a colonial economic tradition, the open-air market holds an important place in the domestic economies of East Africa. The marketplace is the center of many urban areas, drawing people from throughout an entire region to serve their retail needs. Kibuye Market in Kisumu, Kenya is one of the largest such markets in East… Read more »

Kisumu War Cemetery

The Kisumu War Cemetery in Kisumu is an important historical site as it represents the sordid history of Africa’s military service in World War II. While the Commonwealth Graves Commission established the cemetery in 1915 for war burials that occurred during World War I, the vast majority of those buried there served in World War… Read more »

The Ramogi Press

Customers today venture into a small, non-descript printing shop on Accra Street in downtown Kisumu thinking of little besides the business cards and letterheads they hope to purchase. Most would be surprised to learn that Ramogi Press has an illustrious history and played a large role in the tumultuous politics of Kenyan independence. The brainchild… Read more »

Jaramogi Oginga Odinga and the Rise of Opposition Politics in Kisumu

Many political parties were formed in Africa during the colonial period. The Kenya African National Union [KANU] was one such party. The other was the African National Congress in South Africa. KANU was one of the strongest and most organized political parties in Kenya. Among some of its most important bases, where it enjoyed an… Read more »

The Bombay of East Africa

The subject matter of race relations has remained a controversial issue world-wide. This issue continues to attract enormous attention from scholars of all sorts. This is anchored on the premise of the extent to which dependent groups can harmoniously work together, while at the same time minimizing conflicts that could possibly cause social stagnation and… Read more »

From Single-faith-based Religious to Multi-faith-based, Integrated Education

On July 21, 1951, the first foundation stone of Victoria Primary School was laid by John Riddoch, one of the leading white residents of Kisumu. Although the inscription marking the foundation of the school does not say much about the target audience of the school, the history of the school attests to the fact that… Read more »

Land Alienation and its Impact in Kisumu

Land alienation began with European conquest and expansion into the African interior. This process of dispossession became a feature of the French, British, and Portuguese occupation, which began since at least the 15th century. In South Africa, for example, the most egregious example of land alienation came with the passage of the Natives’ Land Act… Read more »