Subject: Labor

Manyatta Estate in Kisumu

Manyatta is a peri-urban estate [neighborhood] on the eastern outskirts of Kisumu, Kenya’s third-largest city. It is located in what might be called colloquially as the Kisumu’s “slum belt,” a group of informal settlements [hereinafter called slums] that have grown for decades skirting around the center and suburbs of Kisumu since Kenya achieved Independence. The… Read more »

Chief Nindo and the Colonial Administration of Kenya

It is well known that all across Africa, as well as the world, European powers installed chiefs acting in the interests of the imperial nations. The British were no exception. They also appointed chiefs to help with their plans in Africa. The British created this chief-system because, according to political scientist David K. Leonard, they… Read more »

Jua Kali in Kisumu

The jua kali sector can be found almost all over the major estates of Kisumu, from Kondele to Nyalenda to Nyamasaria, and from Obunga to Nyawita to Dunga Beach. Members of this sector can be found selling their wares on the smallest and the busiest streets of the city, from the Ojijo Oteko Road to… Read more »

Jaramogi Oginga Odinga and the Rise of Opposition Politics in Kisumu

Many political parties were formed in Africa during the colonial period. The Kenya African National Union [KANU] was one such party. The other was the African National Congress in South Africa. KANU was one of the strongest and most organized political parties in Kenya. Among some of its most important bases, where it enjoyed an… Read more »

The Bombay of East Africa

The subject matter of race relations has remained a controversial issue world-wide. This issue continues to attract enormous attention from scholars of all sorts. This is anchored on the premise of the extent to which dependent groups can harmoniously work together, while at the same time minimizing conflicts that could possibly cause social stagnation and… Read more »

The Mamboleo Murram Extraction Site

The mining industry is a major driving force behind many large-scale economies worldwide. Since the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1867, many other precious metals such as gold, chrome, and platinum have been found throughout South Africa. The discovery of these precious resources helped South Africa’s economy boom and gave the residents there… Read more »

The Kenya-Uganda Railway

The calm, quiet haze of the early morning day settles on a town. The people there have seen thousands of days like this, and for what reason should there be any surprise? It is midafternoon when a group of investors roll on through, talking about building some railways. Within a few months they are gone,… Read more »